The chamberlain; treasurer of Corinth, the city from which Paul wrote this epistle. Gaius. This does not mean that he was the author of this letter. ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Γάϊος ὁ ξένος μου καὶ τῆς ἐκκλησίας ὅλης ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Ἔραστος ὁ οἰκονόμος τῆς πόλεως καὶ Κούαρτος ὁ ἀδελφός, גיוס המארח אותי ואת כל הקהלה שאל לשלומכם ארסטוס סכן העיר וקורטוס אחינו שאלים לשלומכם׃, ܫܐܠ ܒܫܠܡܟܘܢ ܓܐܝܘܤ ܡܩܒܠܢܝ ܘܕܟܠܗ ܥܕܬܐ ܫܐܠ ܒܫܠܡܟܘܢ ܐܪܤܛܘܤ ܪܒܝܬܐ ܕܡܕܝܢܬܐ ܘܩܘܐܪܛܘܤ ܐܚܐ ܀, ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: Nestle 1904, ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort 1881, ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort / [NA27 and UBS4 variants], ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: RP Byzantine Majority Text 2005, ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: Greek Orthodox Church, ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: Tischendorf 8th Edition, ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894, ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550. 23. of the city — doubtless of Corinth. These last words might signify that when the church of Corinth held a full meeting (1 Corinthians 14:23), it was at the house of Gaius that these assemblies took place. The omission (see var. Romans 16:23. See Luke 12:42. a brother = the brother (in Christ, Romans 16:7). ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Γάϊος ὁ ξένος μου καὶ τῆς ἐκκλησίας ὅλης. Erastus the chamberlain of the city saluteth you, and Quartus a brother. 1Кор. A servant - The Greek word is a deaconness. For another, but forced explanation, see Otto, Pastoralbr. and Quartus a brother — rather, “the” or “our brother”; as Sosthenes and Timothy are called (1 Corinthians 1:1; 2 Corinthians 1:1, Greek). Romans 16:23 Gaius my host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. всей церкви Люди, собиравшиеся в доме Гаийя. Romans 16:23 “Gaius mine host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. One day while outlining the book of Romans and studying the pericopes (literary paragraphs), I was surprised to find that many of my sources skipped Romans 16:24 going from verse 23 to verse 25. He has also an important rank on days of public solemnities, as the coronation day, etc. Hence several, both ancients and moderns, who believe the identity of the persons, suppose that Erastus was not now treasurer, but that having formerly been so he still retained the title. So κτίσις can be understood to mean that which was was created. No special predicate seems to be needed, and therefore St. Paul (or Tertius) simply describes him as the Christian of that name. Erastus might be the one mentioned in Acts 19:22: 2 Timothy 4:20. Written to the Romans, &c. Many of the Epistles have notes of this sort appended to them, evidently by a later hand, as of course they could not have originally formed a part of the Epistle. Erastus the chamberlain of the city saluteth you, and Quartus a brother. Romans 15 1 Corinthians 1 Romans 16:23 New International Version (NIV) 23 Gaius, whose hospitality I and the whole church here enjoy, sends you his greetings. ‘Gaius my host, and of the whole church, salutes you.’. He accompanied Timothy in bearing Paul’s second letter to the Corinthians from Ephesus, and resided at Corinth, (2 Timothy 4:20.). of the city of Corinth. Erastus the chamberlain of the city - Treasurer of the city of Corinth, from which St. Paul wrote this epistle. He is here called not only the host ξενος, the entertainer of St. Paul, or Tertius, (if he wrote this and the following verse), but also of the whole Church: that is, he received and lodged the apostles who came from different places, as well as the messengers of the Churches. He accompanied Timothy in bearing Paul’s second letter to the Corinthians from Ephesus, and resided at Corinth, (. p. 723), "Erastus"-(ih RAS tus) (beloved). Ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Γάϊος ὁ ξένος μου καὶ τῆς ἐκκλησίας ὅλης. 2. Erastus, the treasurer of the city, greets you, and Quartus, a brother. The Gaius of 3 John 1:1, evidently a man of position, is probably another person. Bava Bathra, fol. There Erastus is said to abide, 2 Timothy 4:20, possibly to attend upon his office. Gaius mine host - Gaius in Greek is the same as Caius in Latin, which was a very common name among the Romans. Gaius: we read of more than one that bore this name; there was Gaius of Macedonia, of whom you read, in Acts 19:29; there was Gaius of Derbe, of whom you read, Acts 20:4; he is most likely the person here meant. — The Apostle having no peculiar distinction to notice in this person, calls him a brother. ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Ἔραστος ὁ οἰκονόμος τῆς πόλεως, καὶ Κούαρτος ὁ ἀδελφός. Erastus the treasurer of the city saluteth you, and Quartus the brother. Xen. Romans 14:23 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Romans 14:23, NIV: "But whoever has doubts is condemned if they eat, because their eating is not from faith; and everything that does not come from faith is sin." Romans 14:23, ESV: "But whoever has doubts is condemned if he eats, because the eating is not from faith.For whatever does not proceed from faith is sin." The slave who was employed to give the other slaves their rations. It would appear that this Gaius was one of only two persons whom Paul baptized with his own hand (cf. A closing appears several times at the end of Romans 14, 15 (MS P 46) and 16, in the ancient Greek manuscripts. ], Romans 16:23. γάϊος] Perhaps the same who is mentioned in 1 Corinthians 1:14; it may at the same time be assumed, that the person mentioned in Acts 20:4 (not also he who appears in Acts 19:29) is not a different one, against which the circumstance that he was of Derbe is no proof. p. 799). 10-14-2001. ὅλ. This may be the person mentioned in Acts 19:22; 2 Timothy 4:20; but in that case he had relinquished his office before the time. καὶ τῆς ἐκκλ. Gaius appears here as a man of considerable means and great hospitality, being called a "host of the whole church." NIV ©: Gaius, whose hospitality I and … It shows us that Christians may hold offices even under heathen governments, and that to serve Christ we are not to be abstracted from worldly business. 23. — This is another personage of distinction who sends his salutation to the brethren at Rome. Romans 16:5: Also greet the church in their house. That Gaius to whom the apostle John wrote, is commended for the like hospitality, 3 John 1:5,6. "This Erastus has been identified (by some) with the civic official of that name mentioned in a Latin inscription on a marble paving-block discovered in Corinth in 1929..."Erastus, commissioner for public works, laid this pavement at his own expense." ◄ Romans 16:23 ► Gaius my host, and of the whole church, salutes you. My host; the person at whose house Paul staid. p. 55. Mine host, and of the whole church; i.e. Erastus the treasurer (lit., ‘steward’) of the city; of Corinth. (23) Gaius.—Three persons of this name are mentioned, Gains of Corinth (1 Corinthians 1:14), Gains, a Macedonian (Acts 19:29), and Gaius of Derbe in Lycaonia (Acts 20:4). Gaius my host (Γαιος ο χενος μου — Gaios ho xenos mou). Erastus, the city treasurer greets you, and Quartus, the brother. 4:20. казнохранитель В Коринфе это была важная должность, имевшая политическое значение. "my host"-what a privilege to have Paul stay in your home! And of the whole church - Who has opened his house to entertain “all” Christians; or to show hospitality to them all. But considering the great frequency of the name (see also 3 John 1:1; Constitt. For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith, as it is written, “The righteous shall live by faith.” Self-restraint and obedience to God's law is realized in outgoing concern for others that exceeds and rules over our own self-interest. Then I noticed that the NIV omits verse 24 as well (putting it on the margin). ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Ἔραστος ὁ οἰκονόμος τῆς πόλεως καὶ Κούαρτος ὁ ἀδελφός. (Gr. Occurs ten times, rendered "steward" in eight. The land-steward, as Luke 16:1. Romans 1:16–23 The Righteous Shall Live by Faith. 19:22 или во 2Тим. Erastus the chamberlain of the city saluteth you, and Quartus a brother. Erastus, the city treasurer greets you, and Quartus, the brother. They are not considered as forming a part of, the inspired volume, and are, accordingly, sometimes omitted. ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Γάϊος ὁ ξένος μου καὶ τῆς ἐκκλησίας ὅλης. A brother—The last and simplest title, perhaps meekly dictated by the owner. ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort / [NA27 and UBS4 variants]ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Γαῖος ὁ ξένος μου καὶ ὅλης τῆς ἐκκλησίας. Greek nouns ending in -ις often reflect the outcome of the related root verb. This Gaius can neither be the Gaius of Derbe in Asia Minor, Acts 20:4, nor the Gaius of a church in the neighborhood of Ephesus, 3 John 1:1. Quartus the brother; some Christian brother, known to the believers at Rome, but totally unknown to us. Romans 16:23. . This could be understood to mean that his doors were continually open to Christians from many places, or that the congregation actually met in his house, as the church met in the house of Prisca and Aquila; and it could quite easily mean both these things. Bible in Basic English 16:23 Gaius, with whom I am living, whose house is open to all the church, sends his love, so does Erastus, the manager of … Bab. Распространенное имя во времена Нового Завета, означавшее, возможно, другого человека, нежели упоминаемого в Деян. Whether this be a reference to the circumstance that Caius gave his house for the meetings of the church (Grotius), or to the fact that, while the apostle lodged with him, there were at the same time very numerous visits of persons belonging to the church of Corinth, whom Caius hospitably received,—a view which corresponds better to the thoughtfully chosen designation—in any case ξένος does not stand to τῆς ἐκκλ. For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith. Romans 8:28 - And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to [his] purpose. He is evidently the person of whom Paul speaks 1 Corinthians 1:14, one of the first believers of Corinth whom he had baptized with his own hand before the arrival of Silas and Timothy. NET ©: Gaius, who is host to me and to the whole church, greets you. Gaius mine host, and (the host) of the whole church, saluteth you - (see Acts 20:4.) The Apostle directs attention to this circumstance that they are brethren, and that it is a real and important relation. Ераст. Such another was Phoebe, Romans 16:2, who had been a helper, or a hostess, to many, and to myself, saith Paul, Multis hospitium praebuit. ', Upon which his commentator remarksF5Maggid. The office of “treasurer” to an important city like Corinth would naturally, we should suppose, involve a fixed residence. ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: Greek Orthodox Churchἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Γάϊος ὁ ξένος μου καὶ τῆς ἐκκλησίας ὅλης. While Christianity does not destroy the different orders in society, all Christians are brethren, and recognize each other as such, though of different nations and of different ranks. has perhaps been by the caprice of the copyists. 15 Greet Philologus, Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the holy ones who are with them. The chamberlain - A chamberlain is properly an officer who has charge of a chamber, or of chambers. Common Roman name. Comp. Romans 16:23New King James Version (NKJV) 23 Gaius, my host and the hostof the whole church, greets you. Even lawful acts may on occasion cause other brethren to stumble or be made weak. Gaius mine host - Who has received me into his house, and shown me hospitality. ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Ἔραστος ὁ οἰκονόμος τῆς πόλεως καὶ Κούαρτος ὁ ἀδελφός. And elsewhereF3Gloss. Erastus. Erastus, holding this office ( οἰκονόμος, the public treasurer, ὁ ἐπὶ τῆς δημοσίας τραπέζης, arcarius, Wetst., who quotes from inscriptions, νείλῳ οἰκονόμῳ ἀσίας,—Secundus, arkarius Reip. Mine host; at Corinth. ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Ἔραστος ὁ οἰκονόμος τῆς πόλεως καὶ Κούαρτος ὁ ἀδελφός. But though it belongs to all Christians, yet it is not endlessly expressed. 200- Using the Greek 'R' (P) as a designation for the Latin 'P' for 'Piso' totaled 100 in Greek initial system and combined with 'C' for 'Calpernius' from the Latin system (100), equaled 200. gosʹ, appears 12 times in the Christian Greek Scriptures, most often in the letters of Paul. Chamberlain.—A better word would seem to be treasurer. Yet another fellow-laborer, but of a wholly different kind: he is Paul"s host, under whose roof he is composing this work. [24.] The Epistle to the Romans or Letter to the Romans, often shortened to Romans, is the sixth book in the New Testament.Biblical scholars agree that it was composed by Paul the Apostle to explain that salvation is offered through the gospel of Jesus Christ.It is the longest of the Pauline epistles. Romans 16 is the sixteenth (and the last) chapter of the Epistle to the Romans in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.It is authored by Paul the Apostle, while Paul was in Corinth in the mid 50s CE, with the help of a secretary (), Tertius, who adds his own greeting in Romans 16:22. He was probably a wealthy citizen of Corinth, who freely opened his house to entertain Christians, and for the purpose of religious worship. Gaius and Erastus were respected men." Gains mine host. 16:23 Gaius my host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. It would seem that Gaius lent his house for the meetings of the Church, or it is possible that St. Paul may be alluding, with graceful hyperbole, to the hospitality which he was always ready to exercise. Erastus.—It is not quite easy to identify this Erastus with the one mentioned in Acts 19:22, 2 Timothy 4:20, who there appears as a travelling companion of the Apostle. He is praised by the Apostle as the host of the whole church. 1; Martyr. By is meant that Gaius was Paul’s host in Corinth; might either mean that the whole Christian community met in his house (cf.Romans 16:5; Romans 16:14-15), or that he made all Christians who came to Corinth welcome. ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Ἔραστος ὁ οἰκονόμος τῆς πόλεως καὶ Κούαρτος ὁ ἀδελφός. in the same strict relation as to μου. Gaius. (McGuiggan p. 445) (1 Corinthians 1:26), Since Romans was written from Corinth, it is very likely that this Gaius is the one that Paul said he baptized (1 Corinthians 1:14) Three other persons with the same name are mentioned in the N.T. One sees, then, that all these persons are placed with the order, tact, and discernment which never failed the apostle, even in the minutest details of his letters. Erastus the chamberlain of the city; or the receiver or steward of the city; one that had the management of the city’s stock or public treasure. Χενος — Xenos was a guest friend, and then either a stranger (Matthew 25:35) or a host of strangers as here. This is supposed to be the same person as is mentioned Acts 19:22. He was baptized by Paul himself at Corinth 1 Corinthians 1:14; and was so highly esteemed by the church that John wrote an epistle to him; 3 John 1:1. Acts 20:2-3; Rom. "treasurer of the city"-i.e. Self-control provides the ability to resist what may cause pain to others. Paul means, therefore, no doubt that the house of Gaius is the place of hospitality by way of eminence, that which at Corinth is ever open to receive Christian strangers. We know nothing of Quartus. Other Gaius' in the New Testament are from Corinth (Romans 16:23, 1 Corinthians 1:14), from Macedonia (Acts 19:29); and from Derbe (Acts 20:4,5) Why: To give thanks for Gaius' faith, and his hospitality to visiting Christians The name, a Greek one, occurs: Acts 19:22. chamberlain = treasurer. It may at first sight appear superfluous to designate this person by a characteristic belonging to all Christians. Quartus the brother ... is here mentioned alongside the treasurer of the city, and with the same dignity and tenderness. 23. We may know that all Christians are brethren, but it is nevertheless useful to be reminded of this, as we may be prone to act towards them in an unbrotherly manner. In England, the lord chamberlain is the sixth officer of the crown, and has charge of the king‘s lodgings, and wardrobe, etc. 1 Corinthians 1:26 ff. 16:1 I commend unto you Phebe - The bearer of this letter. His name signifies beloved, and is the same with David in Hebrew. All made his house their home; and he must have been a person of considerable property to be able to bear this expense; and of much piety and love to the cause of Christ, else he had not employed that property in this way. 16 For d I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is e the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew f first and also to g the Greek. [Note: Carson and Moo, pp334-35.] (Acts 19:29; Acts 20:4; 3 John). Gaius was distinguished for Christian hospitality. 23.Of the whole church—Either by opening his house for a congregation of worshippers, or by his general hospitality to Christians. Romans 16:22 "I Tertius, who wrote [this] epistle, salute you in the Lord." he entertained the apostle, and all Christian strangers that passed that way. ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Ἔραστος ὁ οἰκονόμος τῆς πόλεως, καὶ Κούαρτος ὁ ἀδελφός. Quartus must have had some special connection with Rome. Gaius mine host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. Or, as the Vulgate renders, arcarius civitatis, 'the treasurer (or steward, [oikonomos,]) of the city;' he to whom the receipt and expenditure of the public money were entrusted. ξένος, guest-friend, is in the Greek writers not merely the person entertained, but also, as here, the entertainer (see Sturz, Lex. Histories also speak of the name of Quintus, and Sextus, &c. Гаий Один из обращенных Павлом в Коринфе (ср. But in such cases in most instances no word in one language can be found to correspond perfectly to that of another, because no two countries may have the same modification of offices. There was one of this name whom Paul baptized at Corinth, 1 Corinthians 1:14; and there was another Gaius, to whom St. John wrote his Third Epistle: whether any of those were the same, or whether they were all different persons, is uncertain. And MaimonidesF4Hilchot Sabbat, c. 29. sect. ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Γαῖος ὁ ξένος μου καὶ ὅλης τῆς ἐκκλησίας. read.) ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Ἔραστος ὁ οἰκονόμος τῆς πόλεως καὶ Κούαρτος ὁ ἀδελφός. May be the same as in Acts 19:29, or of Derbe, Acts 20:4, but almost certainly Gaius of 1 Corinthians 1:14. See on Luke 16:1. This was a common name for all believers, because they are all brethren in Christ. Gaius, host to me and to the whole church, greets you. Gaius also sent his salutations to the church at Rome. provided much hospitality. The 3 John 1:1 was addressed to an individual of this name.--The chamberlain; the treasurer. Romans 16:22 “I Tertius, who wrote [this] epistle, salute you in the Lord.” This does not mean that he was the author of this letter. Many scholars think that the influence of various amanuenses may explain the differences in Greek style among the Pauline letters, rendering it difficult, if not impossible, to draw conclusions about authorship based on such criteria." He is called the chamberlain οικονομος, which signifies the same as treasurer; he to whom the receipt and expenditure of the public money were intrusted. σίας. He was clearly giving hospitality to Paul, and his description as ‘host of the whole church’ may suggest that he had prime responsibility among Christians in Corinth for acting as host to visitors. Romans 1:16-23 KJV For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek. Ex. Indivi­duals may be treated according to other references in the Bible: Timothy, apostolic associate minister Romans 16:21 Gaius, host of the Church, Romans 16:23. Polyc. There was one Gaius a Macedonian, that was with the apostle at Ephesus, Acts 19:29; and another Gaius of Derbe, that accompanied him into Asia, Acts 20:4; whether either of these, as the latter seems more probable, was this person, is not certain. He received the tolls, customs, etc., belonging to the city, and out of them paid the public expenses. The Apostle designates him as chamberlain, which might correspond in a good measure to treasurer. ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Γάϊος ὁ ξένος μου καὶ ὅλης τῆς ἐκκλησίας. ", Since Paul is in Corinth as he writes this, Gaius is probably the one mentioned in. , that, "they do not eat in the synagogue at all, but they eat, בבית הסמוך לבית הכנסת, "in a house near the synagogue", where they sit at the time of hearing the sanctification.'. See Acts 19:29; Acts 20:4; 1 Corinthians 1:14. N.T. However, it seems very likely that it is the same Gaius the apostle baptized at Corinth, 1 Corinthians 1:14; and some have thought him to be the same that the Apostle John wrote his third epistle to, and indeed the characters of hospitality and generosity there given him well agree with this, who was not only the apostle's host that entertained him in a kind and liberal manner, but of all the saints: and of the whole church, saluteth you; that is, of the church at Corinth, to whom he was kind and hospitable, even to as many as stood in need of his assistance; or of the church of Christ in general, being beneficent and liberal to all Christian strangers that came that way, lodged them at his house, and provided every thing proper and convenient for them. His Christian hospitality appears to have been something uncommon. p. 218; Duncan, ed. Paul was lodging with this man, as he had previously done with Aquila and Justus (Acts 18:1-7). Not many of his station in life accepted and obeyed the gospel; but it is refreshing to know that Erastus was an exception. In the context of Romans 8:19 it could be legitimately interpreted to mean either everything that God has created or man specifically. His Christian hospitality appears to have been something uncommon. 16:25-27 appears in MSS P 61 , א , B, C and D as well as the Greek text used by Clement of Rome ( A.D. 95). Erastus the chamberlain of the city. in T. Bab. Such persons were in very high credit; and if Erastus was at this time treasurer, it would appear that Christianity was then in considerable repute in Corinth. ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: RP Byzantine Majority Text 2005Ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Γάϊος ὁ ξένος μου καὶ τῆς ἐκκλησίας ὅλης. Wesley's Notes for Romans 16:3. Romans 16 Commentary; DEFENDER'S STUDY BIBLE. 46. vii. ὅλης would have been understood of the collective Christian body, and the hyperbolical expression would appear more jesting than thoughtful. It is saidF2T. and then follows what is said before. ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Ἔραστος ὁ οἰκονόμος τῆς πόλεως καὶ Κούαρτος ὁ ἀδελφός. He is also mentioned 2 Timothy 4:20 as having resided at Corinth. Erastus the chamberlain (or, 'treasurer') of the city - doubtless the city of Corinth (see Acts 19:22; 2 Timothy 4:20). ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort 1881ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Γαῖος ὁ ξένος μου καὶ ὅλης τῆς ἐκκλησίας. ', "not the synagogue itself, but the chambers which were near the synagogue, are called the synagogue, and from thence they heard the consecration.'. Pastor Ostella. The Apostle abode in his house at the time of writing this Epistle; but his hospitality was of the most liberal and extensive kind. The word “host” means one who entertains another at his own house without reward. Gaius is mentioned 1 Corinthians 1:14, as having been baptized by Paul. Erastus the treasurer of the city saluteth you, and Quartus the brother. Dr. Lightfoot thinks that there was a public hospital or receptacle for strangers at Corinth, in imitation of the Jews, who had a place adjoining to their synagogues to entertain travellers in; and that Gaius was the chief officer and overseer of this house, who, discharging his trust well, is deservedly commended. Кварт Возможно, брат Ераста по плоти, но, скорее всего, последний из перечисленных здесь братьев во Христе. Bruce p. 280). Theological FAQ Search [?] 22), no decision can be given. 2. it is said, "in the synagogues they neither eat nor drink--but there is a place near the synagogue where travellers used to sleep and eat;'. ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Γάϊος ὁ ξένος μου καὶ τῆς ἐκκλησίας ὅλης. ἔραστος] Different from the one mentioned in Acts 19:22 and 2 Timothy 4:20; for the person sending greeting here was not, like Timothy, a travelling assistant of the apostle, but administrator of the city-chest, city-chamberlain in Corinth (arcarius civitatis, see Wetstein); unless we should assume—for which, however, no necessity presents itself—that he had given up his civic position and is here designated according to his former office (Pelagius, Estius, Calovius, Klee, and others, comp. Respecting Quartus absolutely nothing is known. But if the Erastus of the Acts was the same with the Erastus mentioned here, it is not likely that he now held the office, for this could not at all comport with his travelling with St. Paul. The city, of which he was chamberlain, was the city of Corinth, where the apostle and this Erastus were, when this epistle was wrote. . When and by whom they were added, is not known. See note on Luke 12:42 and note on Luke 16:1. Erastus, who is the city’s director of public works, and our brother Quartus send you their greetings. So Abigail is called the wife of Nabal, 2 Samuel 3:3, because she formerly stood in that relation to him. Ver. Rom 16:23 - Gaius, whose hospitality I and the whole church here enjoy, sends you his greetings. The men in Romans 16:23 were evidently all Corinthian believers. At any rate, sometime between the event of Paul’s conversion (Acts 9), c. A.D. 36 (Jack Finegan, Handbook of Biblical Chronology, Peabody, ME: Hendrickson, 1998, p. 395), and the composition of the book of Romans, written from Corinth some twenty years later (cf. A person, or persons, bearing this name were mentioned in Acts 19:22,2 Timothy 4:20; but there is no certainty, either that those references are to the same person, or that either of them refers to the treasurer of Corinth. From Gaius, the first member of the church of Corinth named here, the apostle naturally passes to two other distinguished Christians of the same church, and who had personal relations to some of the Christians of Rome. The city was Corinth, from whence the apostle wrote this Epistle. The same person is probably meant in the first instance, probably in the last, and possibly in all three. If the lodging of those coming from abroad (Hofmann, following Erasmus and others) were meant, τῆς ἐκκλ. Gaius quite evidently requested Paul to include his greetings to the Roman Christians, some of whom, perhaps, had been partakers of his hospitality. Three other persons (apparently) of the same name are mentioned in Acts 19:29; Acts 20:4, and 3 John. The title appears upon inscriptions. The pavement belongs to the first century A.D., and may well have been laid by Paul"s friend." Were ἀδελφός a brother according to the flesh, namely of Erastus, Paul would have added αὐτοῦ (comp. Romans 16:13, τὴν μητέρα αὐτοῦ καὶ ἐμοῦ. 3 John). Gaius mine host] Baptized by Paul, for whom therefore, and for other good men, he thought he could never do enough, 1 Corinthians 1:14. He is probably the administrator of the city‘s property. But whether there was such an house at Corinth near the place of public worship, or any where else for this purpose, is not certain; and to make Gains only an overseer over such an house, though a faithful one, greatly sinks his character; since one would conclude from hence, that his entertainment of the apostle, and other saints, was at his own expense. However, the traditional close of Rom. The word appears in the New Testament in two senses: 1. 1. , "why do they sanctify (or consecrate the day?) Его полное имя было, скорее всего, «Гаий Титий Иуст» (Деян. 13 Greet Rufus,* chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.d 14 Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas, and the brothers who are with them. ὁ ἀδελφός, our brother [see 1 Corinthians 1:1],—the generic singular; one among οἱ ἀδελφοί, ‘the brethren.’ The rest have been specified by their services or offices. Of the church in Cenchrea - In the apostolic age, some grave and pious women were appointed deaconnesses in every church. Gaius my host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. Paul was now lodging in the house of Gaius, as on his previous visit, first in that of Aquila and then in that of Justus (Acts 18:2; Acts 18:7). : Quartus, known to Paul only as a Christian, had perhaps some connection with Rome which entitled him to have his salutation inserted. 8. observes, "there is no sanctification (of the sabbath) but in the place where the meal is eaten; so a man may not sanctify in one house, and eat in another; but if he sanctifies in this, he must eat in this; but why do they sanctify in the synagogue? ... Romans 16:23: Gaius, a host to me as well as to the whole church, greets ... Do you want to get to the Greek behind the English translations, do Greek word studies, use better dictionaries and commentaries, and not be frightened by the Greek words? The personal greetings from Tertius are limited to the preceding verse. Mine host, and of the whole church.—St. ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 16:23 Greek NT: Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Γάϊος ὁ ξένος μου καὶ τῆς ἐκκλησίας ὅλης ἀσπάζεται ὑμᾶς Ἔραστος ὁ οἰκονόμος τῆς πόλεως καὶ Κούαρτος ὁ ἀδελφός, Romans 16:23 Hebrew Bibleגיוס המארח אותי ואת כל הקהלה שאל לשלומכם ארסטוס סכן העיר וקורטוס אחינו שאלים לשלומכם׃, Romans 16:23 Aramaic NT: Peshittaܫܐܠ ܒܫܠܡܟܘܢ ܓܐܝܘܤ ܡܩܒܠܢܝ ܘܕܟܠܗ ܥܕܬܐ ܫܐܠ ܒܫܠܡܟܘܢ ܐܪܤܛܘܤ ܪܒܝܬܐ ܕܡܕܝܢܬܐ ܘܩܘܐܪܛܘܤ ܐܚܐ ܀. (See Acts 19:22; 2 Timothy 4:20). Above on Romans 16:20 beloved, and Quartus, a brother letter to the believers at Rome note Luke... That this Gaius was plainly a man of some means as he writes this Gaius... Been something uncommon, sends you his greetings '' -what a privilege to have laid! Occurs: Acts 19:22. chamberlain = treasurer be an important office in letters... Is host to me and to the flesh, namely of erastus, although in itself may... 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